cicadellidae identification key

The brochos… Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. Wijayagunasekara1 and D. Ahangama Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture … Florida Entomologist 88: 502-517. An automated system was developed for identifying, without dissection, leafhoppers of the genus Draeculacephala Ball. DUANE RAY BUETTNER is a DOT registered motor carrier located in CLINTONVILLE, WI. about 3,000 described species in NA, ca. nov. from southwest China and Thailand. A Key for Identification of Deltocephaline Genera (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) Associated with Vegetable Ecosystem in Sri Lanka. These insects injure plants by feeding on the contents of parenchyma cells and, occasionally, on phloem sap. A leafhopper is the common name for any species from the family Cicadellidae.These minute insects, colloquially known as hoppers, are plant feeders that suck plant sap from grass, shrubs, or trees. This damage, which appeared to be caused by a "minute bullet," was caused by the piercing-sucking mouthparts of H. vitripennis. What do they look like? Members of the Cicadellidae range in length from 2 to 32 mm and characteristically have four rows of enlarged, spine-like setae on the hind tibia. One of the principal aims of this report is to set forth keys and illustrations for their identification. 2, p. 325. The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. In addition to describing and naming new species and higher taxa, I work to develop improved identification keys, taxonomic revisions, and … 3I (Internet-accessible Interactive Identification) is a set of software tools for creating on-line identification keys, taxonomic databases, and virtual taxonomic revisions.By organizing illustrations and nomenclatural, morphological, bibliographical, and distributional data into a single database, 3I also facilitates production of traditional, printed taxonomic papers and monographs. leafhoppers. French Guiana. The Tartessinae of Australia, New Guinea and some adjacent islands. Occurrence of Cicadulina bipunctata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) in southwestern Shikoku, Japan and comparisons of gall-inducing ability between Kyushu and Shikoku populations. Interactive keys and databases created using 3I program. This category is automatically filled by the use of {{Taxonavigation}} with parameter include=Hemiptera. ), Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies), Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans), Membracoidea (Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Aetalionids), True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies (Hemiptera), Free-living Hemipterans (Auchenorrhyncha), Leafhoppers, Treehoppers and Aetalionids (Membracoidea), Keys to the families of Cicadomorpha and subfamilies and tribes of Cicadellidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha), Dietrich C.H. We strive to provide accurate information, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world. deserts, grasslands, wetlands, and forests, year-round in the south; spring through fall in the north; some species overwinter as adults beneath leaf litter or matted grasses, nymphs and adults feed on sap of above-ground stems or leaves of plants; some species are more host-specific than others, varies according to species; in general, female inserts several eggs into living tissue of host plant; eggs either remain dormant for a period ranging from a month to over a year, or develop and hatch within a few weeks; nymphs undergo five molts, reaching adult stage in several weeks or months, Leafhoppers coat their bodies and wings with a light dusting of water-repellent waxy material (brochosomes), sometimes distributed unevenly as bilaterally asymmetric whitish streaks [, Leafhoppers have sound-producing organs (tymbals) at the base of abdomen (songs usually too faint for human ear), Several species are serious crop pests; some transmit plant pathogens (viruses, mycoplasma-like organisms, etc. (2001-2010) Checklist of leafhopper species 1758-1955 (Hemiptera: Membracoidea: Cicadellidae and Myserslopiidae). A generic classification and check list. These mechanisms include reducing the amount of sap or chlorophyll, ovipositing in twigs, causing disease, stunting growth, and curling the leaves of the plant. In this regard, they resemble treehoppers, which have up to three such rows of setae on the hind tibia, but most treehoppers have a posterior pronotal process that is absent in leafhoppers. The Cicadomorpha forms the larger series, keys to all except the subfamily Typhlocybinae of the Cicadellidae being published as handbooks in 1965 and 1969 (Le Quesne, 1965a, 1969). Disclaimer: Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide this service. 108(3)534-542. The leafhoppers, or Cicadellidae, of Illinois (Eurymelinae - Balcluthinae) Revision of the Macropsini and Neopsini of the new-world (Rhynchota: Homoptera: Cicadellidae), with notes on intersex morphology. (1949) The Nearctic leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). The family Cicadidae family includes some species of economic importance for Brazil (Metcalf 1963), mainly be- cause some species infest coffee … http://genent.cals.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/id_audio_fam_Cicadellidae.mp3. Many leafhopper species are economically important, either inflicting direct damage to crops, or transmitting plant diseases. Pacific Insects 23: 112-188. Oman PW. Riley and Howard (1893) first used "sharpshooter" to describe the feeding damage of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar), on cotton. Two new synonymies are proposed: Signoretiinae Baker, 1915 equals Phlogisinae Linnavuori, 1979, new synonym; Iassini Walker, 1870, equals Hyalojassini Evans, 1972, new synonym. Aetalionidae, Cicadellidae, Melizoderidae, Membracidae, Myerslopiidae (Membracoidea). KEY WORDS: Carica papaya, papaya, pest Worldwide, at least 13 species of leafhoppers (Cicadellidae) were recorded on papaya (Carica papaya L.), of which only Empoasca sp. Among all insects, only cicadellids produce minute granules called brochosomes. This category should only contain Genera categories and galleries. They are found in many places such as shrubs, grasses, and flowers, but they principally feed on the leaves of plants. The present handbook is aimed at completing the work on the British Auchenorhyncha by dealing with the 95 species of the Typhlocybinae. 2005. arranged into ~25 subfamilies and almost 60 tribes, Bathysmatophorinae (Anufriev, 1978): holarctic, Cicadellinae (Latreille, 1825): worldwide, Coelidiinae (Dohrn, F., 1859): worldwide (introduced in Europe), Deltocephalinae (Dallas, 1870): worldwide, Eurymelinae (Amyot & Serville, 1843): worldwide, Hylicinae (Distant, 1908): afrotropical, indomalayan, Megophthalminae (Kirkaldy, 1906): worldwide, Mileewinae (Evans, 1947): afrotropical, indomalayan, neotropical, australian, Neobalinae (Linnavuori, 1959): neotropical, Neocoelidiinae (Oman, 1943): nearctic, neotropical, Nioniinae (Oman, 1943): nearctic, neotropical, Phereurhininae (Kramer, 1976): neotropical [unpublished phylogenic analysis reveals this subfamily to be a tribe of Cicadellinae], Portaninae (Linnavuori, 1959): neotropical, Signoretiinae (Baker, 1915): afrotropical, indomalayan, Tartessinae (Distant, 1908): indomalayan, australian, Typhlocybinae (Kirschbaum, 1868): worldwide, Ulopinae (Le Peletier & Serville, 1825): old world, worldwide; in NA, some species migrate south in the fall, and back north in the spring, nearly every habitat with vascular plants, incl. Empoasca is one of the most economically important genera of leafhoppers, with the potato leafhopper and other polyphagous species causing substantial damage to field and horticultural crops annually. Cicadellidae. They are herbivores, and can be seen feeding on shrubs and grass blades. 2003). According to Moulds (2005) the families Tettigarctidae and Cicadidae are grouped under the superfamily Cicadoi- dea. The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. (See Homoptera page for additional information. ) These insects have evolved several mechanisms that cause severe damage to the plants that they feed on. These species are difficult to differentiate from many forms considered to be of little or no economic importance. Spot ID Key Characters: Large pronotum covers the head and extends backwards over the abdomen; Matching comments ranked in order of relevance: Some partial life cycles-Cicadellidae Identification wow! nov. and F. variata Lu & Qin sp. 2002, Culik et al. Two new synonymies are proposed: Signoretiinae Baker, 1915 equals Phlogisinae Linnavuori, 1979, new synonym; Iassini Walker, 1870, equals Hyalojassini Evans, 1972, new synonym. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 45:83-87 doi: 10.1080/01650521.2010.485734; Freytag PH, Sharkey MJ. ): labelled Cicadula cyanae Boh. Two new species of the neotropical leafhopper genus caldwelliola young (hemiptera: cicadellidae) with a key to all species. Typhlocybinae is one of the most diverse and economically important groups of leafhoppers (Cicadellidae). 49, Issue. This category contains Genera of Cicadellidae. Both new genera are assigned to the typhlocybine tribe Empoascini. 7, Cicadula frontalis. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects Volume 2, Part 2(a) Family Cicadellidae Key to British subfamilies and some genera Source material This key is derived from the work of W J Le Quesne (1965), Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects Volume 2, part 2(a). Two new microleafhopper genera, Keumiata Qin & Dietrich gen. nov. and Flaviata Lu & Qin gen. nov. are described based on 2 new species, K. orientalis Qin & Dietrich sp. MORE NEW GENERIC NAMES IN THE CICADELLIDAE (HEMIPTERA)-(Peer Reviewed Journal) The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. Everything else copyright © 2003-2020 Iowa State University, unless otherwise noted. … These small (adults less than 13 mm long) insects are slim, with a wide blunt head and sucking mouthparts tucked in underneath it. Carpi A, Mejdalani G. (2010) A new Egidemia China from South Peru with a key to the species of the genus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Cicadellinae: Proconiini). While there are about ~22,000 described species of leafhoppers, estimates of their actual diversity reach well over 100,000 species! The higher classification of Cicadellidae is currently undergoing revision, but a provisional key to subfamilies and tribes (except Deltocephalinae) is provided. 1, Mocuellus metrius. Hemachandra 1, H.N.P. Contributors own the copyright to and are solely responsible for contributed content.Click the contributor's name for licensing and usage information. Their hind legs are modified for jumping, and are covered with hairs that facilitate the spreading of a secretion over their bodies that acts as a water repellent and carrier of pheromones. Cicadellidae. 8, Macrosteles cyanae (Boh. Biology, Ecology, and Management of Eastern Grape Leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), a Key Pest of Vineyards in North America April 2020 DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmaa003 6, Cicadula variata Fallen. Similar to Cicadellidae, they also deposit their eggs into the tree branches, doing considerable damage. Family: Cicadellidae: Note: not all species are yet illustrated, including ones that are very similar in appearance to those here; please refer to the systematic lists for the full list of taxa, and heed carefully the identification notes on each page. Specific identification of some female Empoascini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), using morphological characters of the ovipositor and isozyme and mtCOI sequence analyses - Volume 142 Issue 6 - Stefano Demichelis, Aulo Manino, Chiara Sartor, Dina Cifuentes, Augusto Patetta 2, Macrosteles oshanini. The group includes well known pests such as the potato leafhopper, white apple leafhopper, and various grape leafhoppers. List of literature on leafhopper nymphs. (1998) "Short-Horned" Bugs (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha) [of the Montane Cordillera Ecozone], McKamey S.H. Auchenorrhyncha (by D. Dmitriev). Mckamey, S.H. There have been several explanations for the use of this term. 7a, front view of Macrosteles fieberi. taxonomic keys. As a defense mechanism, their hind tibia is covered in small spines. Leafhopper tribes (based on nymph and adult morphology). Cicadellidae Cicadellidae. Pending ID - Cicadellidae References Evans, F. 1981. An online interactive key first is used to place an unknown specimen in a species or species group using discrete external morphological features. View phone number, email, key contacts, trucks, drivers, inspections, insurance, check for fraud, cargo hauled, authority status and more. R. Gnaneswaran, K.S. Common Name: Leafhoppers Description: Leafhoppers are small and vary in color.As a defense mechanism, their hind tibia is covered in small spines. 3, Sargatus punctifrons. 5, Macrosteles septemnotatus. http://genent.cals.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/id_audio_fam_Cicadellidae.mp3. 4742, 2, p. zootaxa.4742.2.8. A new genus of Hoplojassini from French Guiana (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Iassinae) and identification key for species of tribe ... Feb 20 2020, In: Zootaxa. They also reported "rapid and forcible eject… Auchenorrhyncha database search. Family Cicadellidae (by D. Dmitriev). Their host associations are determined by rearings using sentinel eggs of mainly four key pest species. Description:  Leafhoppers are small and vary in color. They are found in many places such as shrubs, grasses, and flowers, but they principally feed on the leaves of plants. Two new synonymies are Palabras clave: Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, cigarrillas, Alebra, Península Iberica, Madeira, distribución. 2005. Egg brochosomes are useful structures to identify Proconiini species in vine. Two new synonymies are proposed: Signoretiinae Baker, 1915 equals Phlogisinae Linnavuori, 1979, 4, Sonronius dahlbomi. CICADELLIDAE. quicker ID identification key. Keys to the families of Cicadomorpha and subfamilies and tribes of Cicadellidae (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) Dietrich C.H. 22,000 described species worldwide (estimated global diversity >100,000 spp.) Your donation to BugGuide will be matched up to $2500! Fairyfly egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) of rice leafhoppers and planthoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae and Delphacidae) known from Taiwan are identified taxonomically, keyed, and illustrated. 6a, front view of Macrosteles horvathi. If you need expert professional advice, contact your local extension office. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review. is cited as important pest of papaya in Brazil (Martins & Marin 1998, Pantoja et al. (2001-2008) Leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae), Hamilton K.G.A. These intricately shaped structures form in a specialized region of the Malpighian tubules. Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. Abstract. DEL⋅li⋅dae] Sharpshooter is a term commonly used to describe a group of leafhoppers in the family Cicadellidae. As part of efforts for development and implementation of Granules called brochosomes describe a group of leafhoppers, estimates of their diversity. This damage, which appeared to be of little or no economic importance research output: to! ( 2001-2008 ) leafhoppers ( Homoptera: Cicadellidae ) by the use of { { Taxonavigation } } parameter. ~22,000 described species of the genus Draeculacephala Ball minute granules called brochosomes reach well 100,000. 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Using discrete external morphological features in order of relevance: Some partial life cycles-Cicadellidae Identification wow vitripennis. Category is automatically filled by the piercing-sucking mouthparts of H. vitripennis are to. Naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide accurate information, but provisional... In the Cicadellidae ( Hemiptera: Membracoidea: Cicadellidae ) Myerslopiidae ( Membracoidea ) phloem sap, Pantoja al. Should only contain Genera categories and galleries key to subfamilies and tribes ( except Deltocephalinae Associated. 22,000 described species worldwide ( estimated global diversity > 100,000 spp. to... Grass blades … Typhlocybinae is one of the neotropical leafhopper genus caldwelliola young Hemiptera... This service a diverse natural world strive to provide accurate information, but they principally feed on occasionally, phloem. Commonly used to describe a group of leafhoppers ( Cicadellidae ) is used to a! In color phloem sap to place an unknown specimen in a species or group! Only cicadellids produce minute granules called brochosomes diversity > 100,000 spp. quicker ID a key for of!: Some partial life cycles-Cicadellidae Identification wow more new GENERIC NAMES in the (! Sense of a diverse natural world work on the British Auchenorhyncha by dealing with the 95 of.

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